Oscar 2011. Lista completa “Miglior film in lingua straniera”

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Gli Oscar sono un gioco ma le nominations sono spesso qualcosa di interessante: segnalano in maniera sommaria, e ci mancherebbe altro, alcune fra le migliori opere cinematografiche dell’ultimo anno, composto, par di capire scorrendo l’elenco, non proprio da 365 giorni giorni, ma qualcosa di più (il riferimento è al bellissimo Morgen, in prima mondiale niente meno che a Locarno 2010). Non sarebbe una cattiva cosa recuperarne qualcuno, anche solo per capire un po’ meglio cosa si muove nel cinema internazionale, soprattutto in cinematografie piuttosto inedite per il panorama planetario (su tutti i film provenienti dagli stati appartenenti all’ex Jugoslavia, le repubbliche baltiche, ma pure il film vietnamita, quello kazako, l’islandese e l’egiziano.

Il sistema di nominations da poco rinnovato, basato su commissioni nazionali composte da registi ed operatori del settore, pur risentendo di logiche di potere non propriamente cristalline (ovviamente l’Italia in questa tendenza non è seconda a nessuno), si dimostra in grado di compiere una selezione piuttosto interessante se valutata nel suo complesso.

Di sicuro dunque l’elenco che segue non rappresenta la lista dei 65 migliori film dell’ultimo anno ma ci segnala 65 titoli, di 65 nazionalità differenti, fra i migliori dell’ultima stagione cinematografica. E non ci pare poca cosa.

 

ALBANIA – Amnesty | Bujar Alimani
ARGENTINA – Aballay | Fernando Spiner
AUSTRIA – Breathing | Karl Markovics
BELGIO – Bullhead | Michael R. Roskam
BOSNIA ERZEGOVINA – Belvedere | Ahmed Imamovic
BRASILE – Elite Squad: The Enemy Within | José Padilha
BULGARIA – Tilt | Viktor Chouchkov, Jr.
CANADA – Monsieur Lazhar | Philippe Falardeau
CILE – Violeta Went to Heaven | Andrés Wood
CINA – The Flowers of War | Zhang Yimou
COLOMBIA – The Colors of the Mountain | Carlos César Arbeláez
COREA DEL SUD – The Front Line | Jang Hun
CROAZIA – 72 Days | Danilo Serbedzija
CUBA – Havanastation | Ian Padrón
DANIMARCA – Superclásico | Ole Christian Madsen
EGITTO – Lust | Khaled el Hagar
ESTONIA – Letters to Angel | Sulev Keedus
FILIPPINE – The Woman in the Septic Tank | Marlon N. Rivera
FINLANDIA – Le Havre | Aki Kaurismäki
FRANCIA – Declaration of War | Valérie Donzelli
GEORGIA – Chantrapas | Otar Iosseliani
GERMANIA – Pina | Wim Wenders
GIAPPONE – Postcard | Kaneto Shindo
GRECIA – Attenberg | Athina Rachel Tsangari
HONG KONG – A Simple Life | Ann Hui
INDIA – Abu, Son of Adam | Salim Ahamed
INDONESIA – Under the Protection of Ka’Bah | Hanny R. Saputra
IRAN – A Separation | Asghar Farhadi
IRLANDA – As If I Am Not There | Juanita Wilson
ISLANDA – Volcano | Rúnar Rúnarsson
ISRAELE – Footnote | Joseph Cedar
ITALIA – Terraferma | Emanuele Crialese
KAZAKISTAN – Returning to the ‘A | Egor Mikhalkov-Konchalovsky
LIBANO – Where Do We Go Now? | Nadine Labaki
LITUANIA – Back to Your Arms | Kristijonas Vildziunas
MACEDONIA – Punk Is Not Dead | Vladimir Blazevski
MESSICO – Miss Bala | Gerardo Naranjo
MAROCCO – Omar Killed Me | Roschdy Zem
NUOVA ZELANDA – The Orator | Tusi Tamasese
NORVEGIA – Happy, Happy | Anne Sewitsky
OLANDA – Sonny Boy | Maria Peters
PERÙ – October | Diego Vega & Daniel Vega
POLONIA – In Darkness | Agnieszka Holland
PORTOGALLO – José and Pilar | Miguel Gonçalves Mendes
REGNO UNITO – Patagonia | Marc Evans
REPUBBLICA CECA – Alois Nebel | Tomás Lunák
REPUBBLICA DOMINICANA – Love Child | Leticia Tonos
REPUBBLICA SLOVACCA – Gypsy | Martin Sulík
ROMANIA – Morgen | Marian Crisan
RUSSIA – Burnt by the Sun 2: The Citadel | Nikita Mikhalkov
SERBIA – Montevideo: Taste of a Dream | Dragan Bjelogrlić
SINGAPORE – Tatsumi | Eric Khoo
SUD AFRICA – Beauty | Oliver Hermanus
SPAGNA – Black Bread | Agusti Villaronga
SVEZIA – Beyond | Pernilla August
SVIZZERA – Summer Games | Rolando Colla
TAIWAN – Warriors of the Rainbow: Seediq Bale | Wei Te-sheng
THAILANDIA – Kon Khon | Sarunyu Wongkrachang
TURCHIA – Once upon a Time in Anatolia | Nuri Bilge Ceylan
UNGHERIA – The Turin Horse | Béela Tarr
URUGUAY – The Silent House | Gustavo Hernández
VENEZUELA – Rumble of the Stones | Alejandro Bellame Palacios
VIETNAM – The Prince and the Pagoda Boy | Luu Trong Ninh

 

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SPECIAL RULES FOR THE FOREIGN LANGUAGE FILM AWARD

I. DEFINITION

A foreign language film is defined as a feature-length motion picture produced outside the United States of America with a predominantly non-English dialogue track.

II. ELIGIBILITY

A. The motion picture must be first released in the country submitting it no earlier than October 1, 2010, and no later than September 30, 2011, and be first publicly exhibited for at least seven consecutive days in a commercial motion picture theater for the profit of the producer and exhibitor. It must be exhibited by means of 35mm or 70mm film or in a 24- or 48-frame progressive scan Digital Cinema format with a minimum projector resolution of 2048 by 1080 pixels, source image format conforming to SMPTE 428-1-2006 D-Cinema Distribution Master – Image Characteristics; image compression (if used) conforming to ISO/IEC 15444-1 (JPEG 2000), and image and sound file formats suitable for exhibition in commercial Digital Cinema sites. The audio in a typical Digital Cinema Package (DCP) is 5.1 channels of discrete audio, and that is the preferred audio configuration. The minimum for a non-mono configuration of the audio shall be three channels as Left, Center, Right (a Left/Right configuration is not acceptable in a theatrical environment). The audio data shall be formatted in conformance with SMPTE 428-2-2006 D-Cinema Distribution Master – Audio Characteristics and SMPTE 428-3-2006 D-Cinema Distribution Master – Audio Channel Mapping and Channel Labeling.

B. The picture must be advertised and exploited during its eligibility run in a manner considered normal and customary to the industry. The picture need not have been released in the United States.

C. No type of television or Internet transmission may occur at any time prior to the motion picture’s theatrical release.

D. The recording of the original dialogue track as well as the completed picture must be predominantly in a language or languages other than English. Accurate English subtitles are required.

E. The submitting country must certify that creative control of the motion picture was largely in the hands of citizens or residents of that country.

F. The Academy will make the final determination in all questions of eligibility.

fonte: www.oscars.org/awards/academyawards/rules/84aa_rules.pdf

 

 

 

cover image: Attenberg di Athina Rachel Tsangari (Grecia/2010)

 

 

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